Hey, This is Rohit, and today we will talk about Section 506 of IPC and Section 504 of IPC. First of all, I have stated the Section which is given in the Indian Penal Code and then I have explained each section in easy language. The section talks about Criminal Intimidation. (In Hindi it means DHAMKI or DHAMKANA kisi ko)
Section 503 in The Indian Penal Code
503. Criminal intimidation—Whoever threatens another with any injury to his person, reputation or property, or to the person or reputation of anyone in whom that person is interested, with intent to cause alarm to that person, or to cause that person to do any act which he is not legally bound to do, or to omit to do any act which that person is legally entitled to do, as the means of avoiding the execution of such threat, commits criminal intimidation. Explanation.—A threat to injure the reputation of any deceased person in whom the person threatened is interesting, is within this section. Illustration A, for the purpose of inducing B to desist from prosecuting a civil suit, threatens to burn B’s house. A is guilty of criminal intimidation.
- CODIFICATION OF LAW
- ARTICLE 18 OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION
- ARTICLE 1 OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION
- SECTION 125 OF CRPC
Criminal intimidation or Section 502 and 504 of IPC is non-cognizable offence and it is bailable offence – Criminal Itimidation is defined under section 503 of Indian Penal Code. The question arises here that what is Criminal Intimidation – If someone threatens to do something unpleasant to you, or if they threaten to harm your property or they say or imply that they will do something unpleasant to your reputation , then it will be considered as criminal intimidation.
SECTION 504 OF IPC
Whoever intentionally insults, and thereby gives provocation to any person, intending or knowing it to be likely that such provocation will cause him to break the public peace, or to commit any other offence, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.
It means that if any person insult another person intentionally or he force another person to do any crime then he will be liable under section 504 of IPC. In easy words if some one knows that if I insult that person in then he will react and commit crime then the person who is insulting other person will be held liable under section 504 of IPC
PUNISHMENT FOR CRIMINAL INTIMIDATION ( SECTION 504 OF IPC )
Section 506 in The Indian Penal Code
506. Punishment for criminal intimidation.—Whoever commits, the offence of criminal intimidation shall be punished with imprisoningment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both; If threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, etc.—And if the threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, or to cause the destruction of any property by fire, or to cause an offence punishable with death or 1[imprisonment for life], or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years, or to impute, unchastity to a woman, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, or with fine, or with both.
The punishment for criminal intimidation ( Section 504 of IPC and Section 503of IPC Punishment) is defined under section 506 of Indian Penal code (IPC) in which for criminal Intimidation the punishment will be for two years but if someone giving threaten to kill you or to burn your house or to do grievous hurt then under section 506 of IPC the punishment will be for seven years.
But there is one problem with this section. People miss use the section 506 of IPC. Police receive many fake complaint of criminal intimidation. Lot of cases are already pending in courts and this section is one of the reason.
IT IS A NON-COGNIZABLE OFFENCE AND IT WILL TRY BY ANY MAGISTRATE